In the game of basketball, the term ‘bonus’ plays a pivotal part in both team’s offensive and defensive strategies. When a team is in the ‘bonus’, it means that the opponent team has committed a certain number of fouls in a half or a quarter (depending on the basketball rules being used) that exceeds the allowed limit. As a penalty, every subsequent foul committed by the defensive team (not including offensive fouls) results in free throws for the fouled player from the offensive team, regardless of whether the foul was committed during a shot or not. This is where the term ‘bonus’ applies, as it offers an added advantage to the team that is in the bonus.
In the Bonus: NBA vs. NCAA vs. High School Rules
The rules for when a team enters the bonus varies among different basketball associations such as NBA, NCAA, High School, and FIBA. Here, we’ll delineate the specific ‘bonus’ rules that apply in each of these settings.
High School Basketball Bonus Rules
In high school basketball, teams enter the bonus situation once the opposing team commits its seventh team foul in a half. The fouled player then gets a one-and-one opportunity. If the first free throw is successful, they earn a second throw. However, if the first is missed, the ball is live. The tenth foul in a half puts the team into a ‘double bonus’, which automatically grants the fouled player two free throws.
College Basketball Bonus Rules
College basketball, specifically NCAA men’s basketball, has a similar rule, but the count differs slightly. Once the seventh team foul is committed in a half, the bonus rule comes into play, and the fouled player gets a one-and-one free throw opportunity. The double bonus, which grants two free throws automatically, comes into effect on the tenth team foul.
NBA Bonus Rules
The NBA rules regarding the bonus are slightly different. Teams enter the bonus if the opponent team commits its fifth foul within a quarter. There is no one-and-one rule in the NBA; instead, every foul that sends a team into the bonus results in two free throws.
What is Double Bonus in Basketball?
The term ‘double bonus’ refers to the situation when a team has committed so many fouls that their opponents are awarded two free throws regardless of whether the first is made or not. This typically applies after the tenth foul in NCAA and high school basketball, but in the NBA, every foul in the bonus is essentially a double bonus.
Why is Knowing Your Team’s Bonus Situation Important?
Understanding your team’s bonus situation is crucial to the game strategy. It impacts how both the offense and defense play.
Scenario #1: Defensive Strategy With Fouls to Give
For instance, if a team has committed fewer fouls than the bonus limit for that period, they have “fouls to give”. This means they can strategically commit non-shooting fouls to disrupt the opponent’s play without the risk of giving away free throws. They could intentionally foul a poor free-throw shooter or foul to prevent an easy basket.
Scenario #2: Offensive Strategy While in the Bonus
On the offensive end, being in the bonus can be leveraged by driving aggressively to the basket, inviting contact, and potentially drawing fouls. Even a minor illegal screen or unintentional foul by the defense can result in free throws for the offensive player, turning a defensive mistake into scoring opportunities.
In summary, the bonus rule in basketball is a significant aspect that can sway the course of the game. It can be an advantage or a penalty, depending on the number of team fouls committed and the time remaining. By strategically navigating through bonus situations, teams can exploit opportunities and gain a competitive edge on the court.
What is the bonus and double bonus in basketball?
The ‘bonus’ in basketball is a situation where one team has committed a certain number of fouls within a half or a quarter (depending on the league’s rules). Once in the ‘bonus’, every subsequent defensive foul (excluding offensive fouls) committed by the team results in free throws for the fouled player of the other team. The ‘double bonus’ usually refers to a situation when the number of team fouls in a half exceeds a certain limit (typically 10 fouls in NCAA and high school basketball), and every subsequent foul automatically results in two free throws.
What is a bonus free throw in basketball?
A bonus free throw in basketball is a free throw granted to the fouled player once their team is in the ‘bonus’. The number and type of free throws can vary based on the number of team fouls and the league’s rules. For instance, in the NBA, each foul in the bonus results in two free throws, while in NCAA and high school basketball, it could be a ‘one-and-one’ situation or two free throws, depending on the number of team fouls.
What is the penalty for team fouls in basketball?
The penalty for team fouls in basketball comes into play when a team commits a certain number of fouls in a half or a quarter. When the fouls committed by a team reach the specified limit (for example, 7 fouls in NCAA and high school, 5 fouls in the NBA), the opposing team enters the ‘bonus’ situation. This means that any subsequent defensive foul committed by the team will result in free throws for the fouled player from the opposing team.
Is there 1 and 1 in the NBA?
No, the concept of ‘one-and-one’ free throws does not apply in the NBA. In the NBA, once a team is in the ‘bonus’ (after committing 5 fouls in a quarter), every subsequent defensive foul results in two free throws, regardless of whether the first one is made or not. The ‘one-and-one’ rule, where the player gets a second free throw only if they make the first one, is specific to NCAA and high school basketball.